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An Investigation of Factors Influencing Team Effectiveness

Researchers: Jia Lin Ang, Kaini Liu, Cornelia Riono, Viriya Troeung

Masters Thesis 2012

In order to reap the many benefits associated with team effectiveness, organizations and practitioners alike have for a long time sought to identify factors that may lead to team effectiveness. One such factor was leadership behaviours. However, few have explored how leadership behaviours might lead to team effectiveness. To bridge this gap in the literature, this study explored the role of team identification as a partial mediator between leadership behaviours and team effectiveness. Recruiting only participants who have industrial experience working in a team, results of our study indicate that employees who perceive their leaders to have demonstrated initiating structure (task-focused) or consideration (relationship-focused) leadership behaviours were more likely perceive their team as effective in terms of performance, viability, and satisfaction. Notably, although initiating structure leadership behaviours were found to have a direct influence on team effectiveness, our results indicate that consideration leadership behaviour has a stronger influence on team effectiveness albeit indirectly through employees’ emotional alignment with the team. Practical strategies are discussed and contribute toward the development of strategies that managers may use to facilitate the creating or maintaining of effective teams.