Copyright Act provides the legislative framework for the
copying and communication of electronic, print, graphic, and
audio-visual material at Murdoch University. As an educational
institution we have limited exemptions under two statutory licences.
The CAL Licence is administered by the Copyright Agency
Limited, and covers the copying and communication of literary,
dramatic, and artistic works, in both print and digital formats.
Staff must ensure that any copyright material used under the CAL
- is only provided to students who are enrolled in an award based course
at Murdoch University
- falls within the 'reasonable portion limits' set by the Act; e.g 1 chapter or 10% of a book; or one article (more if they concern the same topic) from a journal issue.
- is fully attributed
It is University policy that all online readings of copyright
protected materials must be managed through the Library's Electronic
Course Materials Service (ECMS). Please see the
Guide to ECMS or phone
the ECMS staff on 9360.2745 for more information.
Screenrights Licence covers the copying and
communication of broadcast transmissions recorded off-air from
television (including free-to-air, satellite, and cable) and radio.
Screenrights copies of films, documentaries, etc. can be played in lectures
that are to be recorded
in Lectopia for communication online to authorised users (i.e. staff and students of the institution).
Screenrights copies can be made at home, or by AVS on request. Copies may also be obtained from EnhanceTV or from other university libraries.
A third licence, the
Tertiary Music Licence (TML), allows the University to
perform, copy, and communicate music and other sound recordings from an extensive
repertoire in which copyright belongs to members of the music
societies APRA, ARIA, AMCOS, and PPCA.
The TML makes a number of provisions governing the use of these materials – e.g.
Guild activities are not covered – but some of the purposes that may
be licenced include playing ©music directly from an original source in a
lecture; providing students with ©music ‘listenings’ via
©music to disc and distributing copies to students; and making video recordings of
University events that include ©music or sound recordings from the repertoire.
NB the TML does not cover any music downloaded from the web even when it is
acquired from a legitimate source.
It is worth noting that copying and/or communication made under
these licences is not free; the University pays substantial
royalties for the licensed educational use of copyright protected
The various requirements of these licences are covered in this
website, which is intended to provide you with copyright advice
to ensure that the University is not in breach of the Act, or of
the terms of the licences.
The University provides copyright support and information but not
legal opinion: this can be sought from
Copyright Council who provide free legal advice on copyright